Meaning of C-section (Caesarean Delivery)

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Meaning of C-section (Caesarean Delivery)

A C-section, also known as a cesarean delivery, is a procedure in which a doctor delivers the baby through incisions in the mother’s abdomen and uterus, rather than through vaginal delivery. In some cases, a C-section may be pre-planned if the woman develops certain complications during the pregnancy.

Doctors can inform in advance to reduce the risk to both the mother and the baby. Generally, cesarean delivery is avoided before 39 weeks of pregnancy or full term. However, if some complications arise, the baby is delivered through cesarean delivery before 39 weeks. In this article, we will discuss in detail cesarean delivery and post-cesarean delivery care.

  • Why is a C-section/Caesarean operation done?
  • Preparation before C-section/Caesarean operation?
  • How is a C-section/Caesarean operation done?
  • Care after C-section / Caesarean section?
  • What is the cost of a C-section/Caesarean operation in India?

Why is a C-section/Caesarean operation done?

If pregnant women have problems in a normal delivery, that is, there is a danger to the life of the mother or the child, then doctors can resort to a cesarean operation. Cesarean section can also be performed due to complications during delivery. Again, this is called an emergency C-section delivery. Apart from this, a cesarean operation can also be done if the pregnant woman is not fit for vaginal delivery.

  • There can be some other factors also for which the doctor may perform a cesarean operation. it is.
  • The child has developmental status.
  • If the mother has health issues like BP, sugar, heart disease, etc.
  • The woman has already had a cesarean operation. (Read more – What is pelvic inflammatory disease and treatment?)
  • If the mother has an active infection in the birth canal that can spread to the baby.
  • Having more than one baby in the womb.
  • Any complications with the placenta such as placenta previa (placenta covering the opening of the cervix) or accreta (placenta growing deep into the uterine wall)
  • If the baby is coming out shoulder first.
  • If the baby is coming out feet first.
  • Decreased supply of oxygen to the baby.
  • If the mother has a large fibroid that obstructs the birth canal. (Read more – What are uterine fibroids?)
  • If labor is not progressing.
  • Prolapse of the umbilical cord.

Preparation before C-section/Caesarean operation?

Some of the following preparations should be done before cesarean surgery. As advised by your gynecologist.

  • Get a blood test done.
  • Check anesthesia permits.
  • Plan the surgery.
  • Take the medicines prescribed by the doctor.
  • Do not eat anything before surgery.
  • Day of surgery.
  • Conduct Common Examination.
  • Take care of the doctor’s words.
  • A catheter will be placed in the urethra before the procedure. In addition, the hair around the genital area is removed.
  • An IV line will be set up.

How is a C-section/Caesarean operation done?

After all the preparations are done, the patient is usually given regional anesthesia (spinal or epidural anesthesia) to numb the area. The doctor makes an incision in the lower abdomen of the pregnant woman. It is also called a bikini cut. Usually, this incision is horizontal. But in severe cases, it can also become vertical.

  • After making an incision in the abdomen, when the uterus becomes visible, the doctor makes an incision on the uterus and takes out the baby.
  • The umbilical cord is clamped at both ends and cut in the middle. After this, the baby is handed over to the nurse so that she can clean the baby properly. Then the mother can hold the child.
  • Afterward, the placenta is taken out.
  • The time from abdominal incision to delivery of the fetus is usually 5 minutes.
  • The whole process usually takes 45 – 60 minutes.
  • After surgery, the incision is closed with stitches.

There are many specialized hospitals and gynecologists in India where high-risk pregnancy management and C-section deliveries are performed with great success. Other female procedures like ovarian cyst removal surgery, uterine fibroids treatment, and cervical cancer treatment are also performed with great success.

Care after C-section / Caesarean section?

After the cesarean operation, the woman should take special care of herself. After the surgery, the woman should remain in the hospital for 3 to 4 days so that the doctors can monitor her condition.

  • Ideally, breastfeeding should be started immediately, within an hour of surgery, or soon after. The mother is taught to exclusively breastfeed the baby for 6 months.
  • The stitches of the uterus dissolve. But the stitches made on the stomach go away after a few days.
  • A nurse regularly monitors the woman’s condition for recovery. If the baby is healthy, he or she may stay in the recovery room with the mother.
  • The mother should drink plenty of water and other fluids.
  • The mother is encouraged to walk.
  • After surgery, if the mother is not able to eat or drink on her own, fluids may be given through an IV.
  • After cesarean surgery, a woman needs a lot of rest. It is essential to take adequate rest to recover which helps in reducing future complications.
  • The doctor may give pain relievers to reduce pain at the incision site.
  • Keep the wound clean and dry. To clean the wound, wash it with mild soap and then clean it with a light hand.
  • Full recovery may take 6-8 weeks.
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